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India: In accordance with the Constitution of India, no child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment. The minimum age for employment is 14 years. Employment of child under 14 years of age is strictly prohibited in any establishment. A violation of this rule can result in the imposition of fines and also imprisonment in certain States. Children are not allowed to work more than six hours a day (which include one hour of rest after 03 hours of work). Night work (between 07 pm and 08 am) and overtime work is prohibited for children. According to the Constitution, it is obligatory for the state to provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine. The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Modi, gave its approval on May 13, 2015 for amending the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act 1986 as proposed in the Amendment Bill, 2012. The proposed amendments are as follows:- Employment of children below 14 years is prohibited in all occupations and processes and age of prohibition of employment is linked to age under Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, i.e., 14 years. Employer of children under 14 years is prohibited in both hazardous and non-hazardous employments. However a child (under 14 years) can help his family or family enterprises in a non-hazardous occupation/enterprise, after his school hours or during vacations. Similarly, a child working as an artist in an audio-visual entertainment industry, advertisement, films, television serials or any such other entertainment or sports activities, except the circus. In both cases, the amendment bill requires that this permission is subject to such conditions and safety measures, as may be prescribed and provided that such work does not affect the school education of the child. A new definition of adolescent is incorporated in the Act and employment of adolescents (14-18 years of age) is now prohibited in hazardous occupations and processes. Stricter punishment for employers for violation has also been proposed to act as a deterrent. The offence of employing a child or adolescent in contravention of the amended Act by an employer has been made cognizable. The amendment bill relaxes the penal provisions for parents or guardians, who were earlier subjected to the same punishment as the employer of the child. However, in case of parents being repeat offenders, they can be penalised with a monetary fine up to Rs 10,000. The amendment Bill also provides for constitution of Child and Adolescent Labour Rehabilitation Fund for one or more districts for the rehabilitation of the child or adolescent rescued. Source: §21(A) & 24 of Indian Constitution 1949 last revised in 2012; §2-7 of the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act 1986; Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act 1986 Amendment Bill, 2012

India: The Constitution of India prohibits forced labour and considers it an offence punishable under the law. State can however impose compulsory service for public purposes. The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976 makes all forms of bonded labour illegal. Anyone who compels another person to render any bonded labour is punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and also with fine which may extend to two thousand rupees. Source: §23 of Indian Constitution 1949 last revised in 2012; §4 & 16 of the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act 1976
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