Maternity and paternity benefits: provisions for government employees
Central Government employees (those directly under GOI) are governed by the Central Civil Service (Leave) Rules, 1972. Under the rules, female employees are entitled to maternity leave for a period of 180 days for their first two live born children.  During maternity leave employees will be paid equal to the pay drawn by them immediately before.
Child Care Leave:
The Sixth Central Pay Commission recommended to the Government, policies to keep women fulfill family responsibility. Thus, Child Care Leave was granted to women employees of the Central Government having minor children below the age of 18 years, for a maximum period of 2 years (i.e. 730 days). This can be availed during their entire service, for taking care of up to two children whether for rearing or to look after any of their needs like examination, sickness etc.
In totality, including the paid leave period, women employees can avail child care leave for a period of 3 years. All the benefits here will be admissible only in respect of their 2 eldest surviving children.
The nature of this leave has to be the same as that of earned leave. 
The Central Government in 1999 by notification under Central Civil Services (Leave) Rule 551 (A) made provisions for paternity leave for a male Central Government employee (including an apprentice and probationer) with less than two surviving children for a period of 15 days to take care of his wife and new born child. He can avail this leave 15 days before or within 6 months from the date of delivery of child. If such leave is not availed within the period, it shall be treated as lapsed. 
For Paternity leave he shall be paid leave salary equal to the pay last drawn immediately before proceeding on leave.
Following Central Government’s move, many state governments have also implemented similar provisions for its employees. States details of some such list and the quantum of leave are listed hereunder:*
*May not be complete list
Sixth Central Pay Commission, Government of India, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievance and Pensions, Retrieved 11th September, 2008 form GOI online via access: http://india.gov.in/govt/studies/estt.(l).pdf
Government of India, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Child Care Leave in respect of Central Government employees as a result of Sixth Central Pay Commission recommendations. Retrieved 2nd December, 2008 form Government of India online via access: http://india.gov.in/govt/studies/child_care_leave_new.pdf
NotificationNo.13018/2/98-Estt. (L) Government of India, Ministry of Personnel, P.G. & Pension Grant of Paternity Leave & enhancement of the period of Maternity Leave Retrieved 16th July, 1999 from GOI online via access: persmin.gov.in/WriteData/CircularNotification/ScanDocument/leave1_maternityreg.htm
No. 13018/1/97-Estt.(L) Government of India Ministry of Personnel, P.G. & Pensions Recommendations of the Fifth Central Pay Commission relating to enhancement of quantum of MATERNITY LEAVE and to allow PATERNITY LEAVE in respect of Central Govt. Employees Retrieved 7th October,1997 from GOI online via access: persmin.gov.in/WriteData/CircularNotification/ScanDocument/leave2_maternityleave.htm
Sports, youth and cultural activities Department, Govt. of Gujarat, Enhancement of Quantum of Maternity Leave and to allow Paternity Leave Retrieved 7th October, 1997 Govt. of Gujarat online via access:sycd.gov.in/languages/eng/useful_forms.htm
Government of Rajasthan, Finance Department, Notification No. F.1. 43 (FD) Gr. 2 / 83. Retrieved 6th December, 2004 form Finance Department notification online via access: finance.rajasthan.gov.in/rules/f1(43)83-6.12.04.pdf.pdf
Government of Maharashtra, Notification No. AEO – 1098/C R 390/98/X Amendment to Indian Civil Services Rules, 1955. Retrieved 1st January, 1999 from amendment to civil service rules, 1955 notification online via access: www.maharashtra.gov.in/data/gr/english/1999/01/01/20051026145428001.pdf
The Hindu, Bihar Govt. staff to get paternity leave. Retrieved 2nd February, 2007 from The Hindu Online via access www.hindu.com/2007/02/02/stories/2007020213380300.htm
Webindia 123.com, Paternity leave introduced in Jharkhand. Retrieved 15th February, 2007 form webindia123.com online via access news.webindia123.com/news/ar_showdetails.asp?id=702150286&cat=&n_date=20070215
Paternity leave for teachers. Retrieved 1st November 2005 from Telegraph India online via access www.telegraphindia.com/1051101/asp/jharkhand/story_5422737.asp
Government of Andhra Pradesh Abstract, Public Service – Paternity Leave to Male Government Employees. Retrieved 16th September, 2005 from Government of Andhra Pradesh online via access: www.aponline.gov.in/apportal/GO/G.O.Ms.No.231.doc
Government of Himachal Pradesh, (Finance) Regulation Department, Notification No. 1l.j()15/2/97-Estt.(L) Retrieved 18th April, 1999 from Govt. of Himachal Pradesh notification online via access: www.himachal.nic.in/finance/regulations/leaverules.pdf
Accountant General, Karnataka, FAQ on Gazetted Entitlement, Retrieved 30th June, 2009 from Government of Karnataka, FAQ online via access:agkar.cag.gov.in/faq_ge.htm
Department of Public Relations, Madhya Pradesh, Paternity Leave. Retrieved 6th May, 2008 form Government of Madhya Pradesh online via access: www.mpinfo.org/mpinfonew/NewsDetails.aspx?newsid=080506N49&flag1=1
4th Meghalaya Pay Commission recommendations, Paternity Leave, pg. no. 149. Retrieved 15th December, 2008 from Meghalaya 4th Pay Commission recommendations online via access: meghalaya.nic.in/4mpc/Report-PART-I.pdf
Disclaimer: This section provides only a brief of Indian legislation and should not be considered as legal advice.
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